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Healthcare Professional Site

Healthcare professionals working in diabetes can click below for information on pattern analysis, clinical evidence, case studies and Accu-Chek product solutions.

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This website for under 18's from Roche Diabetes Care contains some great interactive tools to help you and your family learn more about diabetes and encourage you to get more involved.

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes currently affects 382 million people worldwide and is expected to affect 592 million by 2025.1 There are currently over 3.2 million people with diabetes in the UK and there are more than half a million people with diabetes who have the condition and don't know it.2 Even though diabetes affects over 5% of the world’s population,3 many people know very little about the disease.

There are 2 primary types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that create insulin. As a result, the body makes very little or no insulin of its own. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the body cannot properly use the insulin it does create. Eventually, the pancreas may stop producing insulin altogether. Type 2 diabetes can affect people at any age. Type 2 diabetes is commonly (but not always) associated with being overweight and obesity.4

 

1 IDF Diabetes Atlas Sixth Edition, International Diabetes Federation 2013.
2 Diabetes UK. What is Diabetes? Available at: http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Introduction-to-diabetes/What_is_diabetes/. Accessed 13 June 2014.
3 US Census Bureau. World Population Clock Projection. Available at: http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/popclockworld.html. Accessed 13 June 2014. Estimated world population is 7.1 billion.
4 International Diabetes Federation. Types of Diabetes. Available at: http://www.idf.org/types-diabetes. Accessed 13 June 2014.

A hormone produced in the beta cells in the pancreas. The body uses insulin to let glucose enter cells, where it is used for energy.

Now known as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin or extremely small amounts. People with type 1 need to take insulin injections in order to live.

Now known as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin or extremely small amounts. People with type 1 need to take insulin injections in order to live.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, diabetes mellitus, diabetes symptoms, Insulin dependent diabetes, diabetes type 1

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children or young adults, although it can occur at any age. Roughly 3% of children and adolescents have diabetes.1

The onset of type 1 diabetes is often sudden and can include the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal thirst and a dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme tiredness/lack of energy
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections
  • Blurred vision

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the beta cells found in the pancreas—the cells that create insulin. As a result, the body makes very little or no insulin of its own.

A person with type 1 diabetes supplies their body with insulin in one of the following ways:

Insulin therapy along with following a healthy meal-plan, regular physical activity and frequently blood glucose testing are important in management of type 1 diabetes.

1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes fact sheet, 2007. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf. Accessed October 16, 2008.

 

The islet cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin.

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